What are emotions?

Discovering emotions

Emotions are a part of life, although sometimes we may not be aware of it, they are present in each of the actions and decisions that we make, hence the importance of studying them.

The importance of emotions

From the time of getting up, emotions are activated to mark how we feel and how we see everything that surrounds us, a bad dream, an incessant pain while trying to sleep, or a concern that has not let us “shut eye” the whole night is enough for us to get up in bad mood. With this attitude, it’s difficult to have a good day, since everything seems to make us feel bad. The comments of others or a simple look can make us “jump” or show our worst face of annoyance or dislike.

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On the other hand, when we have just gotten up from a peaceful night, in a dream place, while enjoying the holidays with the person we love, everything becomes “a bed of roses,” it seems as if the world stops and is gentler.
Any inconvenience that arises is attributed to something transient and unimportant, returning smiles and good words “left and right,” no matter whether the other person has done something or not, but emotions are not only what is felt and is expressed from the inside out, they are also what is perceived by others. In an eminently social world, everyone is able to identify a disapproving face, a mischievous look, or a sincere smile.

Understanding emotions

There are many cues that help us comprehend and understand what happens around us, one of the main components: verbal and nonverbal language. Regarding the former, it helps us understand others, not only the content of what is said (e.g., I love you!, I do not want to see you!, etc.) but also the volume (e.g., whispering, screaming, etc.) and the tone in which it’s said (e.g., honestly, sarcastically, etc.).

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Regarding nonverbal language, it’s expressed by the distance that we maintain with the other person (e.g., near, far, etc.), body posture (e.g., leaning forward, backward, etc.), or gestures with the hands (e.g., closed fist of threat, outstretched offering hand, etc.) or the face (e.g., raising or lowering of the eyebrows, frowning, opening or closing the mouth a lot, etc.).