This article analyses the relationship between stress and psychosomatic diseases.
Stress is what we feel when we have to give an answer as quickly and accurately as possible, before an exam, a report that must be delivered in the day,… All this causes an emotional tension that accumulates if it is not released.
There is a direct relationship between stress and psychosomatic diseases, it has been found that the increase in accumulated stress increases the likelihood of suffering these diseases.
If the stress-generating situation (stressor) is maintained for weeks or months, it may be affected, the digestive system, causing gastritis, ulcers or irritable bowel; It will also affect the skin with the appearance of dermatitis, urticaria or hair loss; In the pulmonary level, coughing or asthma attacks may occur; And at the muscular level you can experience lumbalguia or muscle aches.
If the stress stays longer, it is considered a chronic stress situation and can produce even the most serious autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis.
This type of conditions, when the stress is of psychological origin, has provided the definitive support to give theoretical and practical body to the psychosomatic approximation, beyond a somaticity of mismanaged emotions, as they used to be attributed in these Cases, in which they were equated to psychological disorders.
Instead, the expression of physical signs and symptoms, as serious and important as those provoked at the muscular, pulmonary, gastric and even immune level, being responsible for a psychological event such as stress, leaves no doubt that there is a relationship Direct between the psychological and the physical, and that the health of one, influences the other, fundamental principles of the psychosomatic approximation.
But this approach not only has to do with the origin of the signs and symptoms of diseases, but also with their treatment, understanding that any intervention, unique and exclusively physical, will only "patch" what does not work well, but while That there is no complete therapeutic intervention, including the psychological aspects, that which generates and maintains (stress) will continue to wreak havoc, in that same organ or muscle, or in others.
Hence, sometimes, when an organ or muscle is treated from an exclusively medical level, even though an improvement is observed; Another organ normally near, shows signs and symptoms of disease that previously did not show, so sometimes the diagnosis seems diffuse and erratic, and all because it is not treating the psychological cause that generates and maintains.
In the case of an ulcer, by a lot of "antacid" that is drunk after the meal, to reduce the level of acidity of the stomach and thus protect the ulcers, it will only mitigate the symptoms and prevent them from causing discomfort and pain; But that accumulated and exhausting stress of the system will be expressed in another way, because the whole organism is being continually overloaded.
This is clearly exemplified with the parts of an engine of any vehicle, which if given a proper use can last a long time, but if you are continually stepping on the accelerator, they "suffer" more than the account, eroding the pieces, and can lead to the Rupture of any of them.
Because the same thing happens to our organism, the first "pieces" that would be affected would be, precisely those that we were genetically more prone to the disease, or that for some reason had already suffered previously and were weaker. It is for this reason that the same level of stress (although as each one lives it individually, based on his personal history, it is never the same), it will provoke a different symptomatology according to the person who is suffering it, seeing in some cases affected the system Muscle, gastric, pulmonary, or immune.
Subsequently, and thanks to studies carried out on the axis hypothalamus pituitary adrenal (H.H.A.), will expand the spectrum of psychological causes generating psychosomatic disorders, thus leaving confined only in stress, to To extend also to the area of the emotional life of the patient and that as it is commented, it is but with a global intervention that affects both the physical and psychological part, as it will be able to restore the health of the person and not only "to patch" that expression of signs and symptoms.
Doctor of Psychology, Master in Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology, Clinical Hypnosis Specialist. Recognized by the International Biographical Center (Cambridge – UK) as one of the top one hundred health professionals in the world in 2010. He also teaches in various national and international universities
Scientific disseminator participating in congresses, conferences and seminars; collaborator in various papers, digital media and radio programs; author of the blog “Advanced Open Learning in Psychology and Neuroscience, and twenty books on diverse subjects.
Currently he conducts research in the field of Big Data applications in healthcare utilizing data from India, United States and Canada, among others, work which he complements with consultancy to technological startups geared towards psychology and personal wellbeing.