Branches of psychology

Is there psychosomatic sterility?


One of the biggest problems faced by a woman who wants to have offspring is the dreaded sterility, what role does psychology play?

Defining female sterility

Female sterility is defined as the inability to conceive on the part of women, among the causes that originate it are genetic and biological, but there is a growing number of cases that can not be explained by it, in this article we will analyze the Psychosomatic aspects and the explanatory theories that lie behind this pathology.
It is precisely at this age where Freud is fixed to establish the origin of the "traumas", that will show their adult patients, starting from the idea that the events that occurred during childhood will remain in our memory the rest of the life, and if these by some CIR Cunstancia involves violence, that emotion will be contained and may manifest during adulthood in the form of symptoms.

According to Helene Deutsch who studied many clinical cases, determined that both compulsion to conception and sterility psychogenic had the same basis.
The first concept, compulsion to conception, refers to the woman's ability to conceive in unfavorable psychological and socioeconomic situations.
In both cases it is found that under both alterations of the reproductive function, there is an underlying conflict with his mother "upset", which offers a "harmful example", which can be desired or rejected (love-hate), accompanied by immaturity and Need for emotional support, being the source of important disorders of sexuality in the adult life of the daughter.



Origin of female sterility

Likewise, from the psychosomatic approximation, it gives great importance to the first years of life, in the formation of future pathologies, indicating that the body learns to manifest itself in a certain form that is established in the early stages of life, and that with Posteriority, when you are an adult, the body will use the same medium, thus appearing psychosomatic diseases.
Physical or psychological aggression, abuse or rape are situations that will mark the person, in his development both from the point of view of his personality, as in his emotional world and when establishing interpersonal relationships.
That is not to say that the person who has suffered one of these situations of violence, will be "marked" for his whole life and cannot lead a "normal" life, although there is a predisposition is not decisive, because the person has the capacity to Recovering over time, although sometimes there are wounds that do not heal, remain in the "Oblivion".
One of these facts is the attempted rape or its consummation at an early age, something for which the child is not yet physically or psychologically prepared and will have significant future consequences, including sterility.
The analysis from the psychosomatic approximation, of some cases of women who were physically healthy, but did not get pregnant, has led to point out that it would be a psychosomatic pathology, where the emotional world is "interfering" in The normal performance of the organism.

Traumatic facts and female sterility

Nowadays it is recognized that the traumatic events during the first years of life can "distort" a correct development, so it requires a specialized intervention to be able to overcome these situations and that the future consequences are minor.
Among the causes of infertility, when medical and physiological problems have been ruled out, are those of a psychosomatic nature such as:

-Anorexia nervosa, where malnutrition of the organism leads to sexual immaturity, as well as hormonal alterations with loss of menstruation (amenorrhea).
-Sexual dysfunctions such as erectile dysfunction or vaginismus, which prevents the consummation of sexual intercourse.

In addition to the foregoing, it is estimated that there are a number of characteristics of the person that can influence fertility negatively, such as low self-esteem, a lack of defined sexual identity or uneducated social and sexual performance among others.
Last and not least, stress plays a prominent role in infertility, although it is not clear if it is caused by or consequence of the frustration produced by repeated attempts on the part of the couple without success.


A recent study by the University of Western Australia published in the journal Human Reproduction shows the physiological mechanism by which anxiety can cause infertility, because stress affects the hypothalamus, which in turn affects the glands Endocrine in charge of regulating ovulation, causing alterations and even amenorrhea; It also affects the transport of eggs by the fallopian tubes and altering the flow of uterine blood.


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