Who has suffered a migraine knows how disabling it can become a severe and intense pain, discover all the keys to what it is and how it is treated.
The migraine, also known as Hemicrania or migraine, is a head condition characterized by severe pain that may become disabling in duration between 6 to 48 hours. This pain should be distinguished from others with similar symptomatology, such as headaches.
In addition to the main symptom of pain, it can be accompanied by others, such as visual disorders, numbness, nausea, vomiting or photophobia (sensitivity to light).
Sometimes, before the migraine appears, it is usually given a phenomenon called Aura, consisting of a set of symptoms such as alteration in vision, difficulty concentrating, nausea or dulling of speech, which serves as a "warning" that the migraine is going to Presented below.
Migraine is an abnormal brain activity with a genetic base, where stress and other stimulants such as tobacco, coffee, loud noises or bright lights play a fundamental role in their triggering.
There are different treatments depending on the time of the intervention:
* Prior to the onset of migraine, as a preventive measure:
-To carry out a life as healthy as possible avoiding the stimulants, and the other triggering factors. Sleep approximately eight hours and do moderate exercise regularly.
-Pharmacological intervention to treat a chronic problem established, with the aim of reducing the appearance of attacks throughout the week, for it are used beta-blockers, anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants or blockers channels Calcium.
* When the migraine has occurred, in acute state,
-Pharmacological intervention, through non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; triptantes; Ergotamine.
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Likewise, and accompanying the pharmacological treatment, it is advisable to apply a series of psychological techniques oriented to control situations that generate high levels of anxiety, as well as those oriented to the management of the stress, like:
–Muscle relaxation technique, to control the triggering anxiety of the migraines, either the progressive muscular relaxation of Jacokson, autogenous training, biofeedback, or visualization of mental images.
–Cognitive restructuring technique, which combats inappropriate thoughts associated that can trigger or maintain migraines.
–Behavior modification techniques, to establish healthy behaviors and reduce or eliminate those that are stimulating for their appearance.
–Stress management techniques, to learn how to handle situations perceived as threatening, having tools for their correct handling, using self-affirmation training or play role.
In addition to the role of stress situations, as triggers of migraines, there have been several theoretical contributions, mainly from the psychoanalytic orientation.
From the perspective of the personality of those suffering from Neurodystonia migranoide (migraine), Juan Rof Carballo, defines these patients as obsessive-compulsive, characterized by an ambitious personality, meticulous, with a tendency to perfectionism, With rigidity of thought, neatness, and intolerance to disorder, unfinished or imperfection. Where migraines occur in situations that cause frustration in their obsessive ideas. There is also an important depressive component that manifests itself in the symptoms that accompany the migraine, as a search for loneliness, avoiding light or noise.
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For Alexander, of the Chicago Psychoanalytic School, psychosomatic illnesses are produced by psychic conflicts, there being two large groups of these diseases, those coming from aggressive tensions repressed (hypertension, migraines and Some types of diabetes) and those that come from passivity. Describing patients who suffered migraines as perfectionists, delicate and shy in their childhood, obedient and with traits of stubbornness and inflexibility, endowed with a high sense of justice. In adult life These traits are accentuated, becoming ambitious, needing success, with a continuous desire to overcome, constant, thorough and perfectionist. United all of this with obsessive traits like being stubborn, maniac of order, inflexible and resentful.
Frommreichmann, also of the school of Chicago, emphasizes also the role of the suppressed and unconscious hostility, directed towards the loved and important people in his life, which generates a feeling of guilt, energy that is introduced projecting his I hate about himself, through a self-punishment crisis that causes headaches.