One of the functions of political psychology is to understand how and why people vote.
Although each choice has its own peculiarities, sometimes with new programs, candidates or parties, most often the options are limited to a few elections, much more in those systems where there is a "second round" , where you can only choose between the candidates of the parties who have achieved a minimum of votes in the first round.
The psychologists who advise in the electoral campaigns to optimize the results analyze the different elections and the way in which the population goes "responding", looking for this way relevant variables and patterns that help to win the candidate in the Upcoming elections.
Sometimes the elections are on "special" issues that are hardly repeatable, so there is no prior knowledge about it, as it happened with regard to the votes to belong or not to NATO in Spain, or to leave the European Union on the part Of England in what has been known as Brexit, whose elections were held in June 2016, but why did he win the Brexit?
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Intent to vote
This is what he has tried to find out with a research conducted from the psychology department, Anglia Ruskin University, the Department of Clinical, Educational and health psychology, University of London, along with the Medical Psychology Center, Perdana University (Malaysia) and the Department of Leadership and organizational conduct, Norwegian Business School (Norway) whose results have been published in the 2018 in the scientific journal British Journal of Psychology.
Three adults between 18 and 74 years were involved in the study, of which 58.7% were women, of whom 92.4% were of "white" descent.
They were all given an interview three months before the votes where they were asked about their intention to vote, the identification with nationalist groups through the collective Self-Esteem Scale, the perception regarding immigration Muslim, the belief of conspiracy theories on Islamophobia, on Islamophobia directly through the Islamophobia Scale, on their beliefs in conspiracy theories through the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS), and on the Tolerance for ambiguity, using the Tolerance for Ambiguity Scale (TAS).
Possibilities and perspectives of the «Brexit» https://t.co/nlpN7nc02B
— Galicia Economic Forum (@ForoEcoGalicia) March 6, 2018
Cause of the Brexit
The results report a significant relationship between the belief of conspiracy theories and Islamophobia, which is the relationship that mediates the vote on the departure of England from the European Union.
Among the limitations of the study is not to separate the same according to socio-demographic variables in order to understand if these relationships are given more in terms of social status, purchasing power, educational level or other variable.
In spite of the limitations commented, the authors emphasize that the intention of vote in this sample was not guided by a feeling of Euroscepticism or of nationalism, but that the said intention was mediated by the fear generated by the theories compared with About Islamism.
Therefore, and according to the data presented, despite the fact that the voters had to choose whether or not to follow in the European Union, they were voting, if they wanted to continue receiving Islamists that put at risk their safety and way of life or they did not want to continue receiving.
And it is that fear, generated by the belief in conspiracy theories that mobilized the electorate to say "No" to Europe, without any rejection of Europe, its institutions or the European population, not even because of an exacerbation of Patriotic or nationalist sentiment, as they tried to "sell" campaigns in favor of the European Union's departure.